2 edition of Effectiveness and safety of strategies for oil spill bioremediation found in the catalog.
Effectiveness and safety of strategies for oil spill bioremediation
Joe Eugene Lepo
by U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research and Development, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory in Gulf Breeze, FL
Written in English
|Statement||J.E. Lepo and C.R. Cripe.|
|Series||Environmental research brief|
|Contributions||Cripe, C. R., National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory (U.S.)|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||6 p. ;|
NIEHS Oil Spill Cleanup Training Tool 1 Oil spill cleanup workers can face potential hazards from oil byproducts, dispersants, detergents and degreasers. Drowning, heat illness and falls also pose hazards, as can encounters with insects, snakes and other wild species native to the impacted areas. In. requirements of the Clean Water Act and OPA 90 as an oil spill cleanup methodology. It is, therefore, integrated into this proposed revision to the RRT IV’s Oil Spill Response Plan, allowing the RRT IV, in a full-scale oil spill emergency, to immediately utilize a non-toxic, first response, thoroughly effective.
The Oil Spill Monitoring Handbook completely updates the Australian Maritime Safety Authority’s edition of the same name, taking into account the latest scientific advances in physical, chemical and biological monitoring, many of which have evolved as a consequence of major oil spill disasters in . Bioremediation Oil Spills Share this page Oil spills have become serious problem in cold environments with ever icrese in resource exploitation,transportation,storage and accidental lekage of oils Bioremidation is a promising action for remidation it is effective and economic in removing oils with less undue environmental damages.
Bioremediation of Marine Oil Spills Matt Radermacher ABSTRACT Bioremediation of marine oil spills has become a very practical approach to oil spill cleanup efforts in recent years. The tragic Exxon Valdez oil spill in , informed the United States of the lack of preparedness the oil industry and country had in such remediation Size: KB. The Deepwater Horizon oil spill (also referred to as the BP oil spill, oil leak, or oil disaster; the Gulf of Mexico oil spill; and the Macondo blowout) is an industrial disaster that began on Ap , in the Gulf of Mexico on the BP-operated Macondo Prospect, considered to be the largest marine oil spill in the history of the petroleum industry and estimated to be 8% to 31% larger in.
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Get this from a library. Effectiveness and safety of strategies for oil spill bioremediation: potential and limitation, laboratory to field. [J E Lepo; C R Cripe; National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory (U.S.)].
environmental safety endpoints, microbial ecology of oil spill habitats, and field assessments of bioremediation.
This project was a cooperative research effort between the University of West Florida Center for Environmental Diagnos- tics and Bioremediation and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Gulf Ecology Division.
approaches to oil-spill bioremediation are: (1) bioaugmentation, in which oil-degrading bacteria are added to supplement the existing microbial population, and (2) biostimulation, in which nutrients or other growth-limiting co-substrates are added to stimulate the growth of File Size: 51KB.
Using dispersants can increase the surface area of the spill, and therefore can potentially increase the rates of biodegradation . Effectiveness and safety. According to studies done by the EPA and Exxon following the Exxon Valdez spill ininitial bioremediation rates can be. Microbial Biodegradation and Bioremediation brings together experts in relevant fields to describe the successful application of microbes and their derivatives for bioremediation of potentially toxic and relatively novel compounds.
This single-source reference encompasses all categories of pollutants and their applications in a convenient. Tyagi M, da Fonseca MMR, de Carvalho CCCR. Bioaugmentation and biostimulation strategies to improve the effectiveness of bioremediation processes.
Biodegradation. ; – doi: /s [Google Scholar] Van Aken B. Transgenic plants for enhanced phytoremediation of toxic explosives. Curr Opin by: Abstract The effectiveness of bioremediation for oil spills has been difficult to establish on dynamic, heterogeneous marine shorelines.
A new interpretative technique used following the Exxon Valdez spill in Alaska shows that fertilizer applications significantly increased rates of oil biodegradation. The devastating environmental impacts of the Exxon Valdez spill in and its media notoriety made it a frequent comparison to the BP Deepwater Horizon spill in the popular press ineven though the nature of the two spills and the environments impacted were vastly different.
Fortunately, unlike higher organisms that are adversely impacted by oil spills, microorganisms are able to Cited by: Effectiveness and Safety of Strategies for Oil Spill Bioremediation: Potential and Limitations.
Symposium on Bioremediation of Hazardous Wastes: Research, Development and Field Evaluations. San Francisco, CA, June 28 - 30, Biodegradation microcosm test. There are many definitions of `microcosm'. A typical one is that of an intact, minimally disturbed piece of an ecosystem brought into the laboratory for study in its natural state (Prichard and Bourquin, ).Microcosms can vary in complexity from simple static soil jars of contaminated soil to highly sophisticated systems designed to enable variations in Cited by: A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text.
Suggested Citation: "5 Strategies for Response and Mitigation." Transportation Research Board and National Research Council. Responding to Oil Spills in the U.S. Arctic Marine Environment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.
doi: / Essentially all pre-spill strategies, whether in the Arctic or elsewhere, emphasize. CHAPTER FOUR. Oil Spill Response Technologies. INTRODUCTION. In addition to exploring the viability of an ecosystem services approach to damage assessment and approaches to measuring and increasing the resiliency of the Gulf of Mexico (GoM) ecosystem, the committee was also charged with evaluating the effectiveness of the various spill response technologies used during the Deepwater.
The effectiveness of bioremediation for oil spills has been difficult to establish on dynamic, heterogeneous marine shorelines. A new interpretative technique.
Bioremediation effectiveness was determined to depend primarily on the amount of nitrogen fertilizer delivered to the sediment per unit of oil present, time, and the extent of oil degradation.
Evaluation Methods Manual: Oil Spill Response Bioremediation Agents [National Environmental Technology Applications Center] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Evaluation Methods Manual: Oil Spill Response Bioremediation AgentsAuthor: National Environmental Technology Applications Center.
Bioremediation of petroleum. Oil degrading organisms have evolved to use the hydrocarbons and organic compounds in petroleum as energy, and use molecular transfer mechanisms to denature these toxins. The aerobic and anaerobic properties of these microbes allow them to respire and ferment compounds as well, and this tends to result in the transformation of toxins into innocuous compounds.
Laboratory evaluation of oil spill bioremediation products in salt and freshwater systems Received: 19 July / Accepted: 2 March /Published online: 3 May Society for Industrial Microbiology Abstract Ten oil spill bioremediation products were tested in.
bioremediation options, which include the characteristics of coastal wetlands, oil spill threats and countermeasures in salt marshes, and relevant stat e-of-the-art research.
Part II provides guidelines for design and planning of oil bioremediation in sa lt marshes, which includes site characterization. In a letter to Exxon, EPA provided information that would support the use of bioremediation as a cleanup technique for the Valdez oil spill.
EPA's recommendations are based on the preliminary results of a small-scale feasibility test the agency began in June using indigenous microorganisms to degrade spilled oil on the Sound shoreline. An oil spill can be defined as an accidental or deliberate dumping of oil or petroleum products into the ocean and its coastal waters, bays, and harbors, or onto land, or into rivers or lakes (Holum ).
Between one and ten million metric tons (one metric ton is kilograms) of oil are put into the oceans every year. The oil is released, most often, in small yet consistent doses from.Article Types of bioremediation and their modes of action.
An Urgent Call for Change in U.S. Oil Spill Response With Bioremediation Agent Type EA* bearing out as a workable first response alternative to the use of chemical dispersants, contrasting e.Arabian Gulf War V. Conclusion Bibliography Bioremediation Methods for Oil Spills Abstract.
The increasing number of marine oil spills asks for effective solutions for the environment. Bioremediation techniques have become a major mechanism for removing oil residues on the affected shorelines.